Daily Current affairs and Questions from The Hindu & PIB - September 23

ABHYAS


  • India successfully conducted the flight test of ABHYAS - High-Speed Expendable Aerial Target (HEAT) vehicles from a test range in Odisha.
  • The trial, carried out by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) from the Integrated Test Range (ITR) at Chandipur near Odisha's Balasore, was tracked by various radars and electro-optic systems
  • ABHYAS has been designed and developed by the Aeronautical Development Establishment (ADE) of the DRDO.
  • The air vehicle is launched using twin underslung boosters. It is powered by a small gas turbine engine and has an Inertial Navigation System (INS) along with a Flight Control Computer (FCC) for guidance and control.
  • The vehicle has been programmed for fully autonomous flight. The check out of the vehicle is done using laptop-based Ground Control Station (GCS).
  • During the test campaign, the user requirement of 5 kilometres flying altitude, vehicle speed of 0.5 mach, endurance of 30 minutes and 2g turn capability of the test vehicle were successfully achieved.


YuWaah



  • Ministry of Youth Affairs & Sports and United Nations Children Fund (UNICEF) have signed a “Statement of Intent”  to establish YuWaah, Generation Unlimited (GenU), a global multi-stakeholder platform in India.
As per the Statement of Intent, the objectives of this project are:

  •  Support young people by providing entrepreneurship classes (online and offline) with successful entrepreneurs and experts, towards establishing entrepreneurial mindset among young people.
  •  Upskilling of young people on 21st century skills, life skills, digital skills through online and offline channels and support them through self-learning, for their productive lives and the future of work.
  •  Create linkages with aspirational economic opportunities to connect young people with employment opportunities, including building pathways to connect them with jobs or self-employment. For this, innovative solutions and technology platforms will be engages to take maximize the scale and reach.
  •  Providing career guidance support to young people through career portal as well as through job-readiness and self-exploration sessions to make young people career-ready.
  • The role of Department of Youth Affairs in this project is to provide relevant experts to participate on the YuWaah Technical Working Groups/ Task Forces.



Rajya Sabha passes 7 key bills


In one of the most productive days in its history, Rajya Sabha passed seven key bills, including one that removes cereals, pulses and onion from the essential commodities list, within three-and-half hours even as the Lok Sabha saw the Opposition boycotting proceedings over farm bills and suspension of members in the Upper House.

Key points


  • The first Bill passed was the Indian Institutes of Information Technology Laws (Amendment) Bill, 2020 that seeks to declare five Indian Institutes of Information Technology (IIITs) set up under the public private partnership mode in Surat, Bhopal, Bhagalpur, Agartala, and Raichur as institutions of national importance.
  • The crucial Essential Commodities (Amendment) Bill, which removes cereals, pulses, oilseeds, edible oils, onion and potatoes from the list of essential commodities and removes stock holding limits on them, was passed next. This bill is part of the agriculture reform bills that the government is pushing to raise farm incomes.
  • Rajya Sabha also passed amendments to the Bank Regulation Act to bring cooperative banks under the supervision of the RBI in a bid to protect the interest of depositors. 
  • Thereafter the Companies (Amendment) Bill, 2020, which removes the penalty for certain offences, was passed.
  • The fifth Bill that was cleared was the National Forensic Sciences University Bill, 2020.The Bill seeks to establish the Gujarat Forensic Sciences University, Gandhinagar and the Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Narayan National Institute of Criminology and Forensic Sciences, New Delhi, as a National Forensic Sciences University, Gujarat.The Bill declares the University to be an Institution Of National Importance.
  • The House also passed the Rashtriya Raksha University Bill, 2020 to upgrade the Gandhinagar police training university to a national university. 
  • The seventh Bill — the Taxation and Other Laws (Relaxation and Amendment of Certain Provisions) Bill, 2020 — was returned by Rajya Sabha.


Greater One-Horned Rhinoceros


  • Union Minister Prakash Javadekar said India is home to the largest number of Greater One-Horned Rhinoceros in the world with population in the range of 3000 animals in Assam, West Bengal and UP.

About Greater One-Horned Rhinoceros 


  • The Indian rhinoceros also called the greater one-horned rhinoceros and great Indian rhinoceros, is a rhinocerosspecies native to the Indian subcontinent.
  • It is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List.
  • The Indian rhinoceros once ranged throughout the entire stretch of the Indo-Gangetic Plain, but excessive hunting and agricultural development reduced its range drastically to 11 sites in northern Indiaand southern Nepal.
  • It inhabits the alluvial grasslands of the Terai and the Brahmaputra basin.
  • The Indian rhinoceros is regionally extinct in Pakistan.
  • One horned rhino was close to extinction with a population of less than 200 in the beginning of the 20th century. 
  • It is the only large mammal species in Asia to be down-listed from endangered to vulnerable in the International Union for Conservation of Nature, IUCN Red list in 2008
  • The Indian and Nepalese governments have taken major steps toward Indian Rhinoceros conservation with the help of the World Wildlife Fund (WWF). 
  • The Kaziranga National Park and Manas National Park in Assam, Pobitora reserve forest in Assam (having the highest Indian rhino density in the world), Orang National park of Assam, Laokhowa reserve forest of Assam having a very small population and Royal Chitwan National Park in Nepal are homes for this endangered animal.

National Conservation Strategy for Indian One-Horned Rhino

  • During the occasion of World Rhino Day, Union Minister Prakash Javadekar has launched a National Conservation Strategy for the Indian One-Horned Rhino.
National Rhino Conservation Strategy –
  • It will help in conserving the greater one-horned rhinoceros.
  • The purpose of it is to work for the conservation of the rhino species. it will include five objectives such as strengthening protection, expanding the distribution range, research, monitoring, and adequate and sustained funding.

Note 

Conservation initiatives for rhino has also enriched the grassland management which help in reducing the negative impacts of climate change through carbon sequestration.


Marathas to get EWS benefits


  • To pacify the agitating members of the Maratha community, after the Supreme Court’s stay on the reservation, the State Cabinet extended benefits to the community under the Economically Weaker Section (EWS) quota. 
  • Till now the Maratha community was not eligible for benefits under the EWS quota as they were categorised as the Socially and Educationally Backward Class (SEBC) and were provided 16% reservation under that category.

 Economically Weaker Section (EWS)


  • The Constitution (103rd Amendment) Act, 2019, the Act providing 10 percent reservation in government jobs and educational institutions to Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) of General Category, came into effect on January 14, 2019.
  • The move came after the Union Government exercised its powers conferred by sub-section (2) of section 1 of the Constitution (One Hundred and Third Amendment) Act, 2019 and appointed January 14, 2019 as the date on which the provisions of the said Act shall come into force.
  • The Act amends Articles 15 and 16 of the Constitution, by adding a clause which allows states to make special provision for the advancement of any economically weaker sections of general category.

Note 

  • The Constitution (124th Amendment) Bill 2019 is designed to amend the Constitution to extend 10 per cent reservation in direct recruitment in government jobs and for admission in higher educational institutions to “economically weaker” sections among all castes and communities, Christians and Muslims included, who are not eligible under the existing quotas.
  • The 10 per cent reservation will be in addition to the existing cap of 50 per cent reservation for the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and the Other Backward Classes, taking total reservation to 60 per cent. 
  • The quota targets the poor among the upper castes.





Multiple-choice question (MCQ)




1) India successfully conducted the flight test of ABHYAS - High-Speed Expendable Aerial Target (HEAT) vehicles from a test range in Odisha. ABHYAS has been designed and developed by the Aeronautical Development Establishment (ADE) of the

a) ISRO
b) DRDO
c) Hindustan Aeronautics Limited
d) None of the Above


2) Generation Unlimited (GenU), called YuWaah in India, is a global multisector and multi-stakeholder alliance created to meet the need of expanded education, skill development and employment opportunities for young people aged 10-24. YuWaah, Generation Unlimited (GenU), a global multi-stakeholder platform in India was launched by  


a) UNICEF
b) UNEP
c) UNDP
d) All the above


3) Name the only large mammal species in Asia to be down-listed from endangered to vulnerable in the International Union for Conservation of Nature, IUCN Red list in 2008.

a) Bengal Tiger
b) Asiatic lion
c) Asian elephant
d) One horned rhino


4) National park, an area set aside by a national government for the preservation of the natural environment. Identify which one the following national park does not belong to the state of Assam.


a) Kaziranga National Park
b) Orang National park
c) Royal Chitwan National Park
d) Manas National Park


Answers


1-b
2-a
3-d
4-c

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